Black Ginger


Embark on a journey through the captivating world of Black Ginger in this journal article. Discover its botanical intricacies, delve into its cultural significance deeply rooted in Thai traditions, and explore its historical role as the "Eastern Viagra." Uncover the herb's impact on physical prowess and its rich cultural symbolism, echoing tales of love, desire, and virility. Investigate scientific research highlighting black ginger's potential in enhancing libido, energy levels, cardiovascular health, and its antioxidant effects. Experience tradition through Rasāsvāda's innovative Black Ginger Spirit Restorative, a sophisticated, non-alcoholic drink that encapsulates ancient wellness practices. This article invites you to explore the diverse facets of black ginger, from its historical allure to its contemporary applications in natural supplements.  

Botanical Name: Kaempferia parviflora 

Family: Zingiberaceae 

Common Names: Krachai Dum, Black Turmeric, Black Galingale, Black Galangal, Krachaidam, Krachaidam Hoi, Thai Ginseng 

Location/Cultivation: Originating from Thailand, Black Ginger is cultivated in its native land and subtropical regions across Southeast Asia. Thriving in soil temperatures above 25 °C, it is planted by dividing its tuberous root. Harvested within 10 to 20 days (about 3 weeks) after leaf withering in December, the roots are then sun-dried for commercial use. 



For over five millennia, ginger has been cultivated as a healing root in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ayurvedic, and Unani-Tibb herbal medicines, where it has been used as a tonic to treat a variety of ailments.  Since the fourth century BC Chinese records indicate the use of ginger as a treatment for a variety of ailments and most importantly was thought to act as an herbal messenger, servant, and guide herb that brought other herbal medicine to the site where it was needed (Soil & Plant Science, 69:6, 546-556). Belonging to the Zingiberaceae family, a diverse group comprising over 50 plant varieties, ginger stands out among illustrious spices such as cardamom and turmeric. Its value was acknowledged early in history, highlighting its significance in the realm of spices. Its medicinal qualities were so celebrated that over 2,000 years ago, it was exported from India to the Roman Empire, where its medicinal properties were highly esteemed.  

Among the members of the Zingiberaceae family, black ginger, scientifically identified as “Kaempferia parviflora” and known culturally as Krachaidam, commands a special place. This plant, indigenous to Thailand, Cambodia, Burma/Myanmar, and Laos, holds a rich and storied place in Southeast Asian—particularly Thai—medicinal traditions. Celebrated for its multitude of purported health-promoting properties, black ginger has been a cornerstone of traditional Thai herbal medicine for over a thousand years. It has been utilized and thought to be effective in treating a diverse array of health issues, such as inflammation, ulcers, gout, colic disorders, abscesses, allergies, and osteoarthritis. In the realm of physical prowess, tales of Thai kickboxers consuming black ginger before training and fighting highlight its role in enhancing stamina and blood flow. This practice underscores the deep belief in its physical benefits, making it a staple in the demanding sport. 

Additionally, black ginger has seen extensive use among the Hmong ethnic communities. It is a common practice for Hmong individuals to carry a tuber of black ginger when traveling long distances from home. This tuber is often used to brew black ginger tea, a traditional beverage believed to purify the blood and offer restorative benefits. Beyond its use as a tea, the oil extracted from the black ginger tubers is also valued for its medicinal properties, being regarded as anti-malarial, anti-fungal, and anti-bacterial, thereby playing a significant role in natural healthcare practices within these communities.  

Beyond the physical, black ginger holds a significant place in Thai folklore, often associated with narratives of love, desire, and virility. Its cultural symbolism extends beyond Thailand, spreading across Asia where it was valued for similar properties. Furthermore, black ginger is recognized as one of the top five economically significant herbs in Thailand, underlining its profound impact on both traditional healthcare and the country's herbal economy. 

This rich history is not just confined to mere folklore or the realm of sports; black ginger has been a key component in various therapeutic applications across traditional medicine. Used in teas, infusions, ointments, and even wines, it has addressed a wide range of ailments, from general fatigue to specific physical conditions. This enduring legacy, now being explored and corroborated by modern science, positions black ginger as a cultural and medicinal icon, bridging the gap between ancient wisdom and contemporary health practices. 


Restorative Benefits: 

While there is still a substantial amount of research that will need to be done to understand and determine the actual impact of black ginger as a potential natural panacea, it has been incorporated into healing traditions for thousands of years. Long revered in Thai medicinal traditions and other Southeast Asian time-honored healing practices, is often nicknamed "the Fountain of Youth" and "the Eastern Viagra" due to its remarkably versatile health benefits. Its treasured status, particularly among Thai kickboxers, stems from its profound influence on muscle strength, recovery, endurance, and overall performance. This storied background and revered effects have sparked heightened interest in modern science, leading to extensive research into its therapeutic potential.  

Long revered in Thai medicinal traditions and other Southeast Asian time-honored healing practices, is often nicknamed "the Fountain of Youth" and "the Eastern Viagra" due to its remarkably versatile health benefits. 

The spotlight of scientific inquiry shines on black ginger's potential to not only enhance libido and energy metabolism, but also to bolster physical fitness, cardiovascular health, and longevity. Moreover, it holds promise in mitigating a variety of health concerns. In the ensuing exploration, we will delve into the wealth of clinical studies and scientific research that illuminate the extensive potential benefits of Black Ginger. This includes its prowess in boosting libido and sexual performance, positively augmenting energy and physical fitness, enhancing cardiovascular health, promoting longevity, and combating oxidative stress. These findings underscore Black Ginger's potential as a multifaceted and efficacious natural remedy. 


Libido Enhancement 

Study Insights and Implications: This effect is partly attributed to the stimulation of nitric oxide production, further facilitating vascular health and performance. A key study conducted on male rats demonstrated the effectiveness of black ginger in boosting sexual motivation and enhancing recovery time post-intercourse (PMID: 36145222; PMCID: PMC9501856). This research is significant as it provides a scientific basis for the traditional use of black ginger as an aphrodisiac. The study's findings are particularly relevant for understanding the herb's impact on sexual behavior and recovery, suggesting potential benefits for human sexual health.  

Human Trials and Outcomes: Black ginger has been scientifically examined for its potential in enhancing sexual health. It is thought to operate similarly to Viagra by using its phosphodiesterase (PDE) types 5 and 6 inhibitors to improve sexual performance through better blood flow, yet without the side effects.  

In the realm of human studies, a pilot study conducted with men provided promising results (Stein et al., 2018). Participants who were supplemented with black ginger for 30 days reported statistically significant improvements in erectile function and overall intercourse satisfaction. Research, including a notable study on adult men (Online J Biol Sci. 2012;12:149–155), has shown significant improvements in sexual responsiveness after two months of daily intake, linking these benefits to increased nitric oxide production. 34 subjects receiving Krachaidum 25 mg/day (n = 15), or 90 mg/day (n = 15), were compared with those receiving placebo (n = 15) for 8 weeks of the study period. They found that Krachaidum at a dose of 90 mg/day significantly decreased the response latency time to sexual erotic stimulation and still showed significant changes during the delay period. In addition, after 1 month and 2 months, the Krachaidum group at a dose of 90 mg/day experienced a statistically significant increase in the length and width of the penis both in resting state and erection state compared with the placebo group. Krachaidum showed no effects on serum hormones (i.e., follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone; (table 2). These findings are crucial as they offer preliminary evidence of black ginger's effectiveness in improving sexual health in humans, reinforcing its traditional reputation as a natural libido enhancer. 


Energy and Physical Fitness 

Metabolic Enhancement and Physical Benefits: Kaempferia parviflora, or black ginger, emerges as a pivotal natural enhancer of energy metabolism, crucial for sustaining an active lifestyle and overall health. Its unique composition, rich in polymethoxy flavones (PMFs), activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a cornerstone in cellular energy homeostasis. This action not only boosts energy metabolism but also fosters efficient energy utilization across the body, vital for prolonged physical activity and heightened energy levels. A 2022 study (PMID: 36145222; PMCID: PMC9501856.) demonstrated that KPE administration in male mice significantly uplifted physical performance, muscle endurance, and grip strength, offering a solid basis for black ginger's role in enhancing physical fitness and endurance. 

Kaempferia parviflora, or black ginger, emerges as a pivotal natural enhancer of energy metabolism, crucial for sustaining an active lifestyle and overall health.

Beyond physical endurance, black ginger holds promise in naturally boosting testosterone levels, attributed to its methoxyflavones content. This aspect is particularly intriguing for the athletic community, given testosterone's critical role in muscle synthesis and athletic performance. Additionally, black ginger's PDE5 inhibitory effects, akin to those of pharmaceuticals like Viagra, offer a natural avenue for enhancing sexual health and performance. A 2018 pilot study (PMID: 29880257) involving older adult men with erectile dysfunction reported significant improvements in erectile function and sexual satisfaction, suggesting black ginger's potential to support not only physical but also sexual vitality. 

Traditional Use and Endurance: Historically used in Thai medicine, black ginger has been associated with increased stamina and endurance, particularly among athletes such as Thai kickboxers. This traditional use is backed by anecdotal evidence, where the consumption of black ginger is believed to contribute to enhanced physical performance and endurance during training and fighting. Such historical uses provide a cultural and empirical foundation for the herb's modern applications in physical fitness and energy enhancement. 


Cardiovascular Health 

Promotion of Heart Health: Black ginger is thought to exhibit significant cardiovascular benefits, primarily by enhancing the nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathway and stimulating endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) activity (The Amazing and Mighty Ginger, 2011). These processes are vital for heart health, as they aid in maintaining vascular elasticity and promoting efficient blood flow. The herb's impact on preserving lean body mass and supporting cardiovascular well-being positions it as a valuable component in heart disease prevention and management strategies.  

Preventive Potential and Research Findings: The ability of black ginger to mitigate risks associated with heart diseases highlights its potential as a preventive natural supplement. Its mechanisms of action suggest beneficial effects in enhancing vascular health and supporting cardiac function, making it a promising candidate for complementing traditional heart disease prevention techniques. Research indicates that black ginger's bioactive components may offer therapeutic benefits in improving endothelial function and reducing oxidative stress, thereby contributing to a holistic approach to maintaining cardiovascular health. 


Antioxidant Properties 

Cellular Protection and Chronic Disease Prevention: Black ginger is a rich source of antioxidants, compounds known for their cell-protective properties. These antioxidants help combat free radicals, which are unstable molecules that can damage DNA and contribute to the development of chronic health conditions like cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. The high antioxidant content in black ginger thus plays a crucial role in preventing oxidative stress and related health issues. Additionally, Kaempferol, a compound found in black ginger, has shown significant antioxidant activity, providing protection against oxidative stress which is linked to chronic health conditions like cancer and heart disease (PLOS ONE, 2023). 

Flavonoid Content and Health Implications: The high flavonoid content in black ginger is key to its antioxidant capabilities (DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2023.1099523) Flavonoids, a diverse group of phytonutrients present in black ginger, are celebrated for their antioxidant properties, contributing to their ability to combat oxidative stress and support overall health. Flavonoids are known for their protective benefits against oxidative stress, which can lead to chronic diseases. The presence of these compounds in black ginger makes it a powerful natural remedy for combating oxidative damage, offering a range of health benefits from cellular protection to reducing the risk of various chronic conditions.  

Broad Spectrum of Therapeutic Effects Versatility in Treating Various Ailments: In the rich tapestry of traditional medicine, black ginger stands out for its extensive use among the Hmong communities and in Thai herbal practices (J Ethnobiology Ethnomedicine 15, 27 (2019). Celebrated for its ability to treat a diverse array of ailments — from allergies and asthma to fatigue and sexual dysfunctions — black ginger's versatile application is deeply rooted in the ethnobotanical knowledge passed down through generations. This herb's anti-inflammatory properties are particularly emphasized, reflecting its critical role in addressing inflammation, a fundamental mechanism underlying many chronic diseases. 

Anti-inflammatory and Antihistamine Properties: The profound anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects of black ginger have been recognized in the realms of Hmong and traditional Thai medicine, where it has been a cornerstone in the natural management of inflammatory and allergic conditions. The evolving body of modern research echoes these traditional beliefs, offering scientific validation to the practices that have long celebrated black ginger's therapeutic potential. This confluence of ancient wisdom and contemporary science underscores the enduring relevance of black ginger in holistic health paradigms. 

Improved Mental Function: Explorations into black ginger's effects on mental health reveal its potential in modulating cholinesterase activity, suggesting a promising avenue for cognitive enhancement and memory improvement. This aligns with traditional uses that hint at its capacity to bolster mental acuity, now finding echoes in scientific inquiries into its potential for treating neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s disease. Such investigations not only highlight black ginger's multifaceted therapeutic profile but also illustrate the dynamic interplay between traditional knowledge and modern scientific exploration, fostering a deeper understanding of this herb's place in both historical and contemporary medicine. 


Black Ginger in Rasāsvāda's Black Ginger Spirit Restorative: 

Part Used: Rhizome (stem) 

Taste/Energy: Earthy, rich, spice 

Rasāsvāda's Black Ginger Spirit Restorative is a masterful blend of tradition and innovation, with the plant black ginger playing a pivotal role. This unique spirit showcases the remarkable properties of black ginger, harmoniously fused with over 20 other directly sourced plants, herbs, mushrooms, and adaptogens. The selection of high-quality black ginger ensures that each sip is not just a taste experience but a journey into a rich cultural and wellness heritage. 

While most people expect black ginger to taste like the traditional ginger you find at your local grocery store, black ginger’s flavor profile is vastly different. Its high aromatic compounds and bitterness combine with pleasant notes of roasted sweet potato, Borneo camphor, and Concord grape. As our decoction namesake, black ginger is a critical functional and flavoring base that is one of the few foundational ingredients the Spirit Restorative is built.   

The spirit highlights the celebrated aphrodisiac qualities of black ginger, enhancing physical and emotional well-being. It's formulated to leverage the herb's vasodilation, hormonal balance, and anti-inflammatory properties, aligning with contemporary health priorities. This approach underlines Rasāsvāda's commitment to holistic wellness, presenting a sophisticated non-alcoholic beverage option for the health-conscious consumer. 

Incorporating black ginger into the restorative is a tribute to its storied history in Thai culture, where it has been a symbol of health and vigor. This ingredient's integration into a modern, zero-proof spirit reflects Rasāsvāda's dedication to reinterpreting ancient practices for today's diverse audience. The use of the rhizome, or stem, of black ginger ensures the drink captures the essence of the ingredient in its most potent form. 

The unique taste profile of black ginger diverges significantly from conventional ginger expectations, bearing a closer kinship to turmeric's flavor nuances—earthy, with a subtle spice undertone. This distinction is vital in crafting Rasāsvāda's Black Ginger Spirit Restorative, where black ginger's distinctive taste synergizes with ingredients like cardamom, chicory, burdock root, reishi mushroom, and dandelion root. These components are carefully selected not just for their individual flavors but for their combined effect, embodying the principles of Traditional Chinese Medicine where synergy enhances the therapeutic benefits. The result is not merely a beverage but a multi-layered sensory experience that weaves together the threads of heritage, health, and modern gastronomy, inviting drinkers on an exploratory journey beyond the conventional palate. 


Incorporating into Your Restorative Rituals: 

Black ginger is a remarkable ingredient, weaving a tapestry of history, culture, and modern scientific understanding. Its journey from the traditional Thai medicine cabinets to the forefront of contemporary health research underscores its versatility and enduring appeal. The studies and historical anecdotes surrounding black ginger paint a picture of an ingredient that is not only rich in cultural significance but also brimming with potential health benefits - from enhancing libido and physical performance to offering anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.  This positions black ginger as a pivotal component in holistic health practices, catering to those who prioritize natural and integrative approaches to wellness. 

Rasāsvāda's Black Ginger Spirit Restorative is a testament to the art of blending ancient wisdom with modern health consciousness. By incorporating this storied ingredient into our non-alcoholic spirit, Rasāsvāda not only pays homage to the rich heritage of black ginger but also brings its myriad benefits into a contemporary context. This spirit is more than just a beverage; it is a celebration of healthful indulgence, bridging the gap between tradition and modernity, and inviting consumers to experience a unique and enriching journey of taste and well-being. 

If you are interested in incorporating black ginger into your daily restorative rituals, we recommend trying our Black Ginger Spirit Restorative. Many of our customers will incorporate it into their morning smoothie or coffee (like our Peppery Saint), and others will consume it at the end of their day to help detox from toxins you unknowingly take in throughout your day. We recommend trying our Heels to Jesus and Queen’s Rasāsvāda cocktails that can be made with or without alcohol. Alternatively, you can find a link to our downloadable recipe book here.  


Sources & References: 

Bode AM, Dong Z. The Amazing and Mighty Ginger. In: Benzie IFF, Wachtel-Galor S, editors. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press/Taylor & Francis; 2011. Chapter 7. Available from: 

Chaturapanich, G., Chaiyakul, S., Verawatnapakul, V., Yimlamai, T., & Pholpramool, C. (2012). Enhancement of aphrodisiac activity in male rats by ethanol extract of Kaempferia parviflora and exercise training. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 141(3), 982-987. 

Dubost, J.M., Phakeovilay, C., Her, C. et al. Hmong herbal medicine and herbalists in Lao PDR: pharmacopeia and knowledge transmission. J Ethnobiology Ethnomedicine 15, 27 (2019). 

Huang J, Tagawa T, Ma S, Suzuki K. Black Ginger (Kaempferia parviflora) Extract Enhances Endurance Capacity by Improving Energy Metabolism and Substrate Utilization in Mice. Nutrients. 2022 Sep 17;14(18):3845. doi: 10.3390/nu14183845. PMID: 36145222; PMCID: PMC9501856. 

Mohamad Hesam Shahrajabian, Wenli Sun & Qi Cheng (2019) Clinical aspects and health benefits of ginger (Zingiber officinale) in both traditional Chinese medicine and modern industry, Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B — Soil & Plant Science, 69:6, 546-556, DOI: 10.1080/09064710.2019.1606930 

Naoki, M., & Hitomi, K. (2011). JP5501335B2 - How to grow black ginger. Google Patents. 

Promthep K, Eungpinichpong W, Sripanidkulchai B, Chatchawan U. Effect of Kaempferia parviflora Extract on Physical Fitness of Soccer Players: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial. Med Sci Monit Basic Res. 2015 May 6;21:100-8. doi: 10.12659/MSMBR.894301. PMID: 25957542; PMCID: PMC4538785. 

Singh Arpit, Singh Nitesh, Singh Sanchita, Srivastava Ravi Prakash, Singh Lav, Verma Praveen C., Devkota Hari P., Rahman Laiq ur, Kumar Rajak Bikash, Singh Amrita, Saxena Gauri. The industrially important genus Kaempferia: An ethnopharmacological review. Frontiers in Pharmacology, VOL 14 2023 DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2023.1099523 ISSN=1663-9812  

Stein RA, Schmid K, Bolivar J, Swick AG, Joyal SV, Hirsh SP. Kaempferia parviflora ethanol extract improves self-assessed sexual health in men: a pilot study. J Integr Med. 2018 Jul;16(4):249-254. doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2018.05.005. Epub 2018 May 26. PMID: 29880257.  

Wannanon P, Wattanathorn J, Tong-Un T, et al. Efficacy assessment of Kaempferia parviflora for the management of erectile dysfunction. Online J Biol Sci. 2012;12:149–155. 



It is important to point out that these statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This article is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.  

While black ginger is generally well-tolerated, individual reactions can vary. Black ginger may interact with certain medications, including blood thinners, blood pressure medications, and diabetes medications. Additionally, if you are currently on medication for these conditions, the introduction of black ginger could necessitate a closer monitoring of your symptoms and medication efficacy.  

It is essential to be aware of potential side effects and contraindications, especially if you have allergies or are taking medications. It's important to consult with a healthcare professional before taking black ginger or any other supplement  

While black ginger is renowned for its various health benefits, including enhancing libido and physical performance, it is important to approach its use with caution.  As with any supplement, the key to safely enjoying the benefits of black ginger lies in informed and responsible use. Consulting with a healthcare provider before beginning any new supplement, including black ginger, ensures that you can harness its advantages while minimizing potential risks. 

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